Apollo 11. "So I worked out more of the detail and began to raise the idea up the chain of command. Armstrong and Aldrin were standing, held in place by elastic cords attached to the flooring. A close-up view of an astronaut's bootprint in the lunar soil, photographed with a 70 mm lunar surface camera during the Apollo 11 mission on the moon. Activities for both the CSM and LM are included in the following flight plan pages. The trajectory looked good but the "1202" message - like a later "1201" - wasn't one that the crew recognized and there were a few tense seconds until Houston radioed "We're GO on that alarm." These two changes took care of the temperature problem; but it wasn't until Apollo 15 did anyone really get any sleep on the Moon. With Houston's help, they also checked and double checked the health of the LM. But the judgment of Bob Gilruth and George Low was 'It makes sense, so let's go to work.' Cosmos Possible Worlds National Geographic. Education. When we got to Apollo 11, there was no question. Thus, the core sets got filled up and a 1202 alarm was generated. And, when that chart came up Bill (Wilmot) Hess just went ballistic! Neil A. Armstrong/NASA hide caption On Apollo 11, each time a 1201 or 1202 alarm appeared, the computer rebooted, restarted the important stuff, like steering the descent engine and running the DSKYto let the crew know what was going on, but did not restart all the erroneously-scheduled rendezvous radar jobs. The long hours of training paid off, of course. Apollo 11 - flown film. Clearly, it was possible to get work done and to move with relative ease. In principle, if he didn't like the spot, he could pulse the pistol-grip handcontroller forward or back or to either side and, thereby tell the computer to move the target a small amount in the indicated direction. Comparison of values of the specific radioactivities reported for lunar surface material from the Apollo 11 mission with analogous data for stone meteorites suggests that energetic particles from the solar flare of 12 April 1969 may have produced most of the cobalt-56 observed. Apollo 11 Zusammenfassung Aus dem Apollo Lunar Surface Journal. The program alarms and the communications dropouts were annoying but in all other respects, the LM computer and the navigation system performed beautifully. Astronaut Neil A. Armstrong, commander, took this picture with a 70mm lunar surface camera. For sixteen minutes they looked out the windows and timed the passage of landmarks below them (across a scale marked on Armstrong's window) to confirm the tracking data that Houston was getting. With time running short, he began a hurried collection of rocks and soil and his heart rate climbed to the 120-140 beat range. Note, also, that, in the interest of reducing uncertainty, the fuel gauging system was improved for Apollo 12.). But they were close now and it was just a matter of easing themselves down. Saturn V Rocket. And the only thing that had happened since then was NASA backed off and said 'Well, with the ALSEP (Apollo Lunar Science Experiment Package) on board and the geology experiment, we'll have two EVAs. He served on the support crew for Apollo 7 and as the Apollo 11 LM Launch CapCom before his assignment to the Apollo 14 backup crew and, then, Apollo 17 as Command Module Pilot. Bales later stood beside the crew at a White House ceremony and was decorated for his singular contribution to the success of the mission. After finding and reserving a VAC area, the core sets would be scanned to find an available core set. A tilt of up to fifteen degrees would cause no particular problem with a launch. If a job required more temporary storage, the scheduling request asked for a VAC - vector accumulator - which had 44 erasable words. Apollo 11 Mission Overview - Lunar and Planetary Institute Apollo 11 Mission Summary - Kennedy Space Center Apollo Lunar Surface Journal - Transcript of Apollo 11 communications Apollo 11 Preliminary Science Report (PDF) Apollo 11 Press Kit (PDF) Return to Apollo page Return to Lunar home page . There was even one moment - a bit earlier in the EVA when Aldrin was lifting the scientific instruments down from its storage compartment - when Armstrong appeared to bob down on one knee, a difficult maneuver in the stiff spacesuit. El astronauta Neil A. Armstrong, comandante, tomó esta fotografía con una cámara de 70mm. The nylon flags were hung on telescoping staffs and horizontal bars constructed of one-inch anodized aluminum tubes. Still, the LM was an experimental craft and the vehicle that Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin landed was only the fourth that had ever been flown. The sixty-eight-inch-long probes that dangled from the landing gear had touched the Moon. If all went well, following crews could stay longer on the Moon, venture farther from the LM, and undertake more ambitious sets of tasks. TITLE-Lunar Surface Temperatures From Apollo 11 Data FILING CASE NO(S)-Case 340 FILING SUBJECT(S) (ASSIGNED BY AUTHOR(S))-ABSTRACT TM-70-2015-5 DATE-October 5, 1970 AUTHOR lSI-P. J. Hickson A precision nickel resistance thermometer located outboard on the Early Apollo Science Experiments Package re­ turned good temperature data from the Apollo 11 lunar landing site … On that first orbit, the planned landing site itself was still enveloped in pre-dawn darkness and it wasn't until their fourth pass - during LM checkout (4.9 Mb movie clip, produced by Gary Neff) - that Aldrin reported seeing it from the LM windows. If you look at the Moon through a telescope, you can see that it is covered by impact craters of all sizes. It would be solar powered and lightweight. Basically, we had six months - I think it was - to get it ready. It looks very much like the pictures; but, like the difference between watching a real football game and watching it on TV, there's no substitute for actually being here." Background Material. The indicator for AS11-40-5898 between the +Z and -Y strut, the plaque, is wrong, most likely it's for AS11-40-5893 More complete captions and higher resolution version of most of the photos can be accessed through the Apollo 11 Digital Picture Library. The other crews would work in relative obscurity, stepping briefly into the spotlight but without leaving so lasting a public impression. This is the crater Neil Armstrong mentions during his final descent onto the lunar surface. This journal covers the flight of Apollo 11 from launch to splashdown. What did Gene Cernan, the last Apollo astronaut to walk on the lunar surface, say about his experience on the first day, then the second day, of the mission? Apollo 11 was the first flight to send people to the moon.It was done by NASA, the American space group. They did not know about the crater yet - Armstrong wouldn't discuss it until well after the landing - but it was obvious that the landing was taking longer than planned. Transkriptionen, Kommentare und Erläuterungen zu den Apollo-Mondlandungen. You can imagine the testing we had to do to ensure that the same memory location was not being used by more than one program at the same time. Titles describing these pages refer to LM activities only. In any case, if there were no VAC areas available, the program would branch to the Alarm/Abort routine and set Alarm 1201. However, it wasn't until Apollo 15 that the lunar stays were long enough - and the astronauts and mission planners had confidence enough - that the crews got out of their suits during the rest periods and, with the help of earplugs to cut down on the noise, really got some sleep. This memory was used for intermediate computational results, rather data. Science Experiments - Lunar Surface Magnetometer The magnetic field of the Moon was measured at four Apollo landing sites. From the Apollo Lunar Surface Journal. (The first LM flew as part of the unmanned Apollo 5 test, and the other two flew on Apollos 9 and 10. On Apollo 12, 15, and 16, the Lunar Surface Magnetometer was included in the ALSEP experiment package. I don't think he's ever forgiven me for doing that. From the Apollo 11 Image Library S69-21698 Apollo 11 crew and a Navy diver await pickup after splashdown. The LM would be coming around the corner in just a moment and right on time. Each job was allocated a "core set" of 12 erasable memory locations. WordPerfect is open, but has no active document, and Quicken has my checking account open. And when we briefed Chris Kraft, the discussion went back and forth and, just as I paused, Jerry said 'All that and a daylight landing, too!' What was probably the least efficient work that either Armstrong or Aldrin did came during the final minutes when Armstrong used a piece of equipment called the Lunar Equipment Conveyor or LEC to get the rock boxes - one at a time - up to Aldrin in the cabin. The soil was very fine grained and had a powdery appearance and, once he stepped down, his boot sank perhaps a couple of inches, making a sharply defined print. Like the Surface Journal, it is intended to be a resource for all those interested in the Apollo flights to the Moon, whether in a passing or scholarly capacity. With only rare exceptions, all of the executable code was in the Fixed memory, along with constants and other similar data. They were bothered by spacecraft noises and by sunlight leaking around the edges of the window shades and in through the sextant. Indeed, with each passing second there was mounting concern about how much fuel remained. We haven't seen anything like this! For Apollo 12 and subsequent flight, the crews did not connect their Liquid Cooled Garments to the Environmental Control System after getting back in the cabin after an EVA and reversed the direction of air flow in the suits so that fresh air came in through the torso , rather than the helmet. But the LEC was an inefficient tool and, beginning with Apollo 14, the astronauts started carrying at least some of their gear up to the cabin by hand. Apollo 11 | Apollo 12 | Apollo 13 | Apollo 14 | Apollo 15 | Apollo 16 | Apollo 17 ALSJ/AFJ Translations. Several times during the descent, the computer flashed alarms. And he'd been nervous about that. In fact, NASA didn't do it; Grumman did it. And that impressed Chris and I think he became an advocate then. Generally, they walked without bounding and, compared with later crews, their movements seem fairly stiff and restricted. He was Science Director and he just couldn't control himself. We might not have been out on the streets, but we did listen to the news, and the two biggest news stories were Viet Nam and Black Power, the latter including H. Rap Brown and his exhortations to 'Burn Baby, Burn' -- this was 1967, after all. For seven hours Houston left them alone with their thoughts. That probably went into orbit. If Windows was a smart as the Apollo LGC executive, after the reboot the CD might not be playing and WordPerfect might not be there, but I would come back to this message composition window, with the same text displayed, and Quicken would have my checking account open to the proper place. 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