Fayetteville, NC | wunc.org | 14d. Doug Ducey, who opposed past attempts to remove Confederate monuments from state property, announced late Wednesday that Arizona has agreed to remove and return two such monuments to the A Constitutional Case For Removing Confederate Monuments, And A Plug For Masks. The Chameleon as a Leech: The Costs of Mimicry for the Mimickee. Nearly 1,800 of these symbols remain. Vii+273; 6 Plates. One ticket sold in Maryland wins $731.1 million Powerball jackpot; County commissioners vote to remove controversial Confederate monument, put it in storage On the Intersignification of Monuments in Augustan Rome. Who Owns Up to the Past? Posted by. Or the end result may be different. In the third section, I consider and rebut five objections. North Carolina lawmakers this week approved a plan to provide teachers with a one-time bonus. The Case for a Statue of Limitations. Transmitting Delusional Beliefs in a Hypnotic Model of Folie À Deux. Share on Facebook Tweet it Share on Google+ Share on LinkedIn Pin it Share on Reddit Share on StumbleUpon Email this Print. This paper aims to help rectify this oversight by moral philosophers. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics Volume 9. And if that is the case, then perhaps it should be in a cemetery,” said Vice Chair Betsy … For example, we can’t claim that slavery wasn’t the main reason for secession and the war because it was the main reason, as leaders of the states and federal Confederacy clearly explained. Fayetteville, NC | wunc.org | 14d. Ethics Left and Right: The Moral Issues that Divide Us. David J. Kent is an avid traveler, scientist, and Abraham Lincoln historian. As I mentioned in the post, Confederate monuments were part of a platform of racial intimidation and rewriting of history to minimize the role of slavery (as well as Jim Crow, segregation, KKK, lynching, etc.) – David J. Kent, Pingback: Why Was the Robert E. Lee Statue Removed from Statuary Hall? The argument for the monuments reflecting “heritage” is, we all must admit, rather weak. A Unionist’s Case for Preserving (Most) Confederate Monuments . It fails to recognize that racial attitudes … As Landrieu pointed out, many of today’s contested Confederate monuments were raised long after the war, during periods of white backlash … “A Confederate monument committee raised the funds to purchase and erect the monument along the West Pike Street side of the square in 1993,” the county attorney said. A particularly important, pressing, philosophical question concerns whether Confederate monuments ought to be removed. It’s also why the most ardent defenders of Confederate statues are modern day KKK, tiki torch-carrying neo-Nazis, and white supremacists such as the Proud Boys. The UDC was also behind the rewriting of textbooks to minimize the role of slavery (e.g., “African immigrants came to America to find work” instead of the reality of the forced international slave trade). August 17, 2017 Written by Camille Jackson. NEW ORLEANS — A federal appeals court cleared the way Monday for the city of New Orleans to take down three Confederate-era monuments that have been a source of tension in the Southern city. My hope is that it provides a framework where historians, members of the community in which individual statues sit, and black rights activist groups such as Black Lives Matter can proactively sit down to discuss the fate of any given statue, school name, etc. Ironically, the groups most vociferous about protecting Confederate monuments, as I noted in the post, are KKK, neo-Nazis, and white supremacists, most notably anti-government and anarchistic groups like the Proud Boys. In the second section, I make my unique harm-based argument for the removal of Confederate monuments. The academic community is at the forefront of those wanting to remove Confederate statues, which they characterize as racist. “Most people who have defended the statue say that it was a monument honoring the Confederate dead. 3) As already noted, most statues were removed by governments themselves, not protesters. They are largely symbolic acts directed at symbols that, by and large, have long been relegated to unread history books and museums. Close. These views are backed up by history. [Graphic credit: Southern Poverty Law Center]. had been removed, renamed, or relocated. the relevant government officials and members of the public who together can remove the Confederate monuments, are morally obligated to (of their own volition) remove them. Thirdly, these actions are the result of anti-government actions by those who profess and practice anarchy. Log in or Sign up log in sign up. This hardly is enough time to reflect heritage. Nathan Bedford Forrest’s history would obviously included his Confederate Army service, as well as his roles in the murders of black Union troops (USCT) at Ft. Pillow and elsewhere, as well as his role as grand dragon of the KKK. In August 2017, white supremacists and their sympathizers gathered in … Removal of Confederate monuments and memorials is an ongoing process in the United States since the 1960s. Travis Timmerman Seton Hall University Page | 1 A Case for Removing Confederate Monuments Forthcoming in Oxford University Press’s Ethics Left and Right: The Moral Issues that Divide Us 1. Homesteading the Noosphere: The Ethics of Owning Biological Information. Erection of these statues was part of a larger scheme of intimidation where the Ku Klux Klan and other white supremacy groups ran rampant and everyone, white and black, knew that the judge, prosecutor, and sheriff bringing black men into the courthouse might very well have been wearing a white hood and burning crosses the night before. 1. The rational question: Is it appropriate to honor the Confederacy and its leaders? “I can’t even imagine the cost that would be involved in removing Confederate monuments and markers from national battlefields. Thierry Monasse / Getty. A Case for Removing Confederate Monuments (Guest Post by Travis Timmerman for Applied Ethics April) Posted on April 24, 2019 April 6, 2019. The basic premises of this article are entirely specious. On Racist Symbols and Reparations. What we refer to as the “Confederate flag” existed for even less time. The case for taking down Confederate monuments is strong. In it, I argue that people have a moral obligation to remove most, if not all, public Confederate monuments because of the unavoidable harm they inflict on undeserving persons. The Importance of History to the Erasing‐History Defence. I’m not sure what you mean by “we deserve to interpret our lives and experiences in our own contexts.” That seems to describe memoir, not history. … Local officials in Alabama’s largest city, which has a majority black population, removed a 115-year-old Confederate Soldiers and Sailors monument in the city’s Linn Park after protestors and demonstrators vandalized it Sunday. It is the belief of many who are in favour of removing these monuments that they give a … u/ADefiniteDescription. Also, the “heritage” presented is a false history that intentionally dismisses slavery as the key to secession and the cause of the Civil War despite the Confederacy, both at the state and federal level clearly and repeatedly stating that protection of slavery was the cornerstone of secession and war. He is the author of Lincoln: The Man Who Saved America, Tesla: The Wizard of Electricity and Edison: The Inventor of the Modern World as well as two specialty e-books: Nikola Tesla: Renewable Energy Ahead of Its Time and Abraham Lincoln and Nikola Tesla: Connected by Fate. by Brandon Crocker. When monuments were erected: Placement of monuments began shortly after the Civil War, but the majority occurred in a large spike after the 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson Supreme Court ruling that allowed “separate but equal” segregation. (2000). 5) As I noted in the post, I personally don’t condone acts of vandalism, and from what I’ve been able to discern, very few people condone such acts. Let’s rationally examine the two views. Public discussion is always enlightening, but not always appropriate or necessary. First, the number 60 is hardly a handful – it is instead a significant number. The statue of Confederate General Robert E. Lee and his mount, Traveler, face the setting sun on Monument Ave. in Richmond, Va., Tuesday, Nov. 13, 2012. And … Ethics Left and Right: The Moral Issues that Divide Us. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. View all 9 citations / Add more citations. Eleven states chose to break the Constitution to secede and engage in a civil war to protect and expand slavery because they didn’t like the results of a national election. Share Tweet Email. New York: Oxford University Press. I am interested in the question of whether the relevant government officials and members of the public who together can remove the Confederate monuments, are morally obligated to (of their own volition) remove … Also, as I noted, very few were pulled down by protesters. Philosophy of Gender, Race, and Sexuality, Philosophy, Introductions and Anthologies, A Case for Removing Confederate Monuments, Ethics, Left and Right: The Moral Issues that Divide Us, Palgrave Handbook of Philosophy and Public Policy. BernardJOrtcutt. Engraved in granite before our U.S. Archives Building in Washington, D.C., is the following quote from William Shakespeare: “…the past is prologue…” Condoning these acts is akin to rejection and erasure of our past leading to its repetition or worse. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Whatever the price tag, spending that money when the NPS has amassed an $11.6 billion dollar backlog of deferred maintenance makes me queasy.” Terry McAuliffe, when he was governor of Virginia, said much the same thing about removing Confederate monuments … This massive undertaking to rewrite history and engage in intimidation lasted up to the second world war. 4) Two parts to the “finally” statement: Indeed, many of the statues do have artistic merit and that is a consideration of rational discussion. Colonel Robert E. Lee of the Union Army was offered the position of General-on-Chief, but chose instead to renounce his citizenship to join the Confederacy. Introduction On August 21 st 2017, white supremacist protestors marched in Charlottesville, Virginia purportedly to protest the city’s planned removal of a statue of Confederate General … Meanwhile temperature checks at the General Assembly building were halted — albeit briefly — as the capital city moved to require masks to curb COVID-19. All told, as of August, about 60 Confederate symbols (statues, flags, school names, etc.) So this statement seems to have things reversed. (2020). But low … Many municipalities in the United States have removed monuments and memorials on public property dedicated to the Confederate States of America (CSA), and some, such as Silent Sam in North Carolina, have been torn down by protestors. Diaz-Griffith, a member of the Society of Architectural Historians, the Decorative Arts Trust, and the Royal Oak Foundation presented his case on his personal Instagram feed with a series of slides titled "The Anti Racist Preservationist's Guide to Confederate Monuments." Posted by Ryan James | Jun 13, 2020 | Life, Wire Feed. That will depend on our willingness to honestly discuss our history. In the first section, I provide some relevant historical context. It’s one of the reasons why a rational discussion about potential removal of Confederate statues and other symbols is necessary. To act without coercion we must learn accurate history, not a false history, and make choices based on honest discussion. As for visual reminders of our nation’s past and “the opportunity to study and use the lessons they convey,” that’s very true. A Constitutional Case For Removing Confederate Monuments, And A Plug For Masks . the relevant government officials and members of the public who together can remove the Confederate monuments, are morally obligated to (of their own volition) remove them. 5. At least seven states passed legislation in recent years to protect their Confederate monuments, a wave that began around the 2000s and includes a … As part of this discussion, discussions … share. 23 comments. This should serve as a starting point for further rational discussion. In J. Bicknell, J. Judkins, and C. … Meanwhile, the majority of African Americans today view these monuments as a continuing reminder of white supremacy. And a group of lawyers … Either way, 60 is only 3% of 1800, so while “handful” is a subjective term, 3% isn’t all that significant. Many Americans called for the removal of Confederate symbols and monuments in public places. A Preservationist's Case for a Future Without Confederate Monuments. In the wake of the murder of George Floyd beneath the knee of a Minneapolis police officer, riots and protests have rocked the nation. Former New Orleans Mayor Mitch Landrieu noted on a recent Zoom discussion that Confederate leaders were people who acted to “destroy the United States in order to protect and expand slavery.” Renowned Civil War and Abraham Lincoln historian Allen Guelzo put the question even more bluntly: “Why would you erect statues to people who committed treason?”. Ix+129; 6 Plates. By Steele Marcoux. In Bob Fischer (ed. A three-judge panel of the 5th Circuit Court of Appeals in New Orleans upheld a lower court’s refusal to block the removal. Social Theory and Practice 26(1), 153-171. Also, any Confederate monuments that are on National Park Service property cannot be removed without Congressional action (nor can any be added). This is why you can see Confederate flags flying in North Dakota, New Jersey, and other areas that either didn’t exist at the time or were Union states, not part of the Confederacy. In the second section, I make my unique harm-based argument for the removal of Confederate monuments. As far as I can tell, what to do with them is still up in the air for most of those taken down. All Confederate statues represent aspects of the Confederacy and its four year existence during the Civil War, primarily reflected by statues of Generals, Confederate government leaders, and sometimes generic soldiers. Sociologist James W. Loewen, best known for his books, “Lies My Teacher Told Me” and “Lies Across America,” points out that all monuments reflect three distinct time periods. The adage, “history is written by the winners…” is, unfortunately, human nature and, realistically we deserve to interpret our lives and experiences in our own contexts. Rather than merely coinciding with Jim Crow laws or pushback against civil rights progress, the act of erecting monuments to the Confederacy was another plank in the platform to promote white supremacy and rewrite history. This should serve as a starting point for further rational discussion. As for real historical information, how would you define that? It isn't a desire to hide away America's past, but to remove a celebration of it. In the summer of 2017, support polls placed support for keeping Confederate memorials at anywhere from 62% (when asked as a choice between letting statues “remain as a historical symbol” and removing them “because they are offensive to some people”) to just 26% (when the choice was between keeping monuments on government property or relocating … A national debate of the state of race relations has broken out across the nation. Net. Confederate monuments were, in fact, erected as coercion and intimidation against people of color, as I explained in the post. City sues to remove Confederate monument, citing free speech Virginia's second largest city is suing the state in an attempt to remove an 80-foot-tall Confederate monument from its downtown Finally, the existence of these artistic efforts, worthy not only in that manner, provides us the visual reminders of our nations’s past; the opportunity to study and use the lessons they convey, both good and bad, to guide our current and future choices. Get PDF (393 KB) Abstract. Bicknell, J. A rational discussion of Confederate monuments can help us communicate the realities of our history to the public such that the public can make more informed and rational choices. On Racist Symbols and Reparations. Of the entries listed in the following table, for example, only 11 of the 84 were pulled down by protesters; the rest were removed by owners. In another case, Hillsborough County Board of Commissioners voted in July to remove the Memoria In Aeterna monument, which honors Confederate soldiers, from a … No one or group has the intrinsic right to revise or erase history, only to have their own personal opinions on which to base their choices in their personal journeys. In all cases, the full story would need to be told. Gov. In those cases, the monuments have been removed on the grounds that they violate the Establishment clause of the First Amendment, which prohibits state-sponsored religion, not the Equal Protection clause. The Physical Legacy of a Troubled Past. A Case for Removing Confederate Monuments Silent Sentinels Demetriou's First Objection: Reject Premise 1 Demetriou's Second Objection: Reject Premise 5 Is it legally obligatory (or Constitutional) to remove public Confederate monuments? This graph gives a good visual of what I’m about to describe (right click to open the image in a new tab so it’s easier to read): A special emphasis was to erect Confederate statues in front of courthouses as a form of intimidation to African Americans, many brought in on trumped up charges during the Jim Crow era. Editor's Picks Hunter Biden Cashed In to Fuel His Drug and Sex Habits . 513-522 (2020) Authors Travis Timmerman Seton Hall University Abstract A particularly important, pressing, philosophical question concerns whether Confederate monuments ought to be … The Confederacy lasted only about 4 years. What I’ve presented above is a rational case for the removal of Confederate statues, school names, and other monuments to the Confederacy. A Case for Removing Confederate Monuments. Meanwhile temperature checks at the General Assembly building were halted — albeit briefly — as the capital city moved to require masks to curb COVID-19. These choices of when and were to erect Confederate monuments and name schools and Army bases was not random or accidental, as the graph shows. Pp. Travis Timmerman Seton Hall University A Case for Removing Confederate Monuments Forthcoming in Oxford University Press’s Ethics Left and Right: The Moral Issues that Divide Us 1. The Case For Removing Confederate Monuments. The main argument behind removing these monuments isn't shame and disgrace. The Duty to Remove Statues of Wrongdoers. Iraqis pulled down statues of Saddam Hussein. Φ . (2000). And if that is the case, then perhaps it should be in a cemetery,” said Vice Chair Betsy Mapp. This wasn’t simply an irrational reaction to Lincoln’s election, it was a decision planned for many years. The momentum to remove Confederate … A particularly important, pressing, philosophical question concerns whether Confederate monuments ought to be removed. A Constitutional Case For Removing Confederate Monuments, And A Plug For Masks. 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