Abnormal accumulation of urine in the bladder resulting from an inability to void is known as: urinary retention. Bed-Wetting Definition Bed-wetting is the unintentional (involuntary) discharge of urine during the night. We take a look at these hair follicle infections, their risk factors, and home remedies. A doctor will carry out a thorough history and physical examination, asking the patient about frequency of urination and other symptoms. ... excessive urea and other nitrogenous wast products in blood (also called "azotemia") Term. When one urinates more than 3 liters a day of urine, this is known as polyuria. Called also micturition and voiding. 22 difficult or painful urination . Subject. Diurese synonyms, Diurese pronunciation, Diurese translation, English dictionary definition of Diurese. Boils on the inner thigh can appear as red, swollen bumps. During sleep time, your body produces less urine that is more concentrated. One medical term for excessive discharge of urine is ________, or diuresis. Other treatments address frequent urination rather than an underlying cause. The medical term nitrogen is a relatively modern term which is artificially made up of the Latin word for sodium and the suffix -gen meaning "to originate. Those with long-term problems are at risk of urinary tract infections. The structure(s) that join(s) the kidneys to the urinary bladder is/are the: Retroperitoneal organ means that the organ is located. A range of changes can make the urinary system more active. Provide the term based on the brief definition. The kidneys play a key role in this process. malignant neoplasm of the kidney occurring in young children, usually before age 5 years. Inflammation of the kidney involving the renal parenchyma (the nephrons), kidney pelvis and kidney calices. Urinary frequency, or just frequency, is different from urinary incontinence. Several different conditions and diseases can cause hematuria. This can be a symptom of diabetes insipidus or diabetes mellitus. Urination is a complex process, involving various body systems. If there are other symptoms, they may indicate another, possibly more serious condition. Overall in function and main principles, the urinary system is closest to. It is normally only a problem if it affects a person’s quality of life. Chapter 9 The Urinary System Medical Terms Flashcards Preview ... the use of a handheld ultrasound transducer to measure the amount of urine remaining in the bladder after urination . The medical term for surgical removal of the kidney is: The correct spelling of the Greek word root for kidney is. PROCEDURE THAT REMOVES NITROGENOUS WASTES AND EXCESS IONS FROM THE BLOOD, REPLACING THE NORMAL FUNCTIONS OF THE KIDNEY. Distension of the renal pelvis due to obstruction or backflow is called ________. The Urinary Process. n. Excessive discharge of urine. GLYCOSURIA. It is usually temporary. Ren is the combining form for kidney which derives from Latin, the combining form for kidney which derives from greek is _____ (do not forget to include the combining vowel in the form). Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH): A benign enlargement of the prostate gland. However, individuals differ, and most people only see a doctor when urination becomes so frequent that they feel uncomfortable. the most frequent early signs are hypertension, a … (3 words). It is characterized by abdominal pain, fever, nausea, vomiting and occasionally diarrhea. The vaginal pH is acidic, acting against the development of infections. An excessive volume of urination for an adult is more than 2.5 liters of urine per day. Definition. At this point, the urine is expelled from the body. Eating high-fiber foods can also help reduce constipation. The medical term for crushing stones is ________. Excessive vaginal discharge which is not related to any disease process (physiological discharge) may be seen during ovulation and pregnancy. A procedure that removes nitrogenous wastes and excess ions directly from the blood, replacing the normal function of the kidneys, is: Urologist is one term describing a specialist in kidney disease. A “normal” urine volume … At other times, the excessive vaginal discharge may be related to an underlying disease and this is known as a pathological discharge . Abnormal accumulation of urine in the bladder resulting from an inability to void is known as: a kidney condition characterized by many fluid-filled sacs, The medical term for the central dispatching point in the kidney which means "eye of the bean" in Latin is, In a retrograde pyelogram, a contrast medium is injected into the kidney using a nephroscope. Urinary frequency just means needing to visit the bathroom to urinate more often. Frequent urination can also develop as a habit. answer. B) nocturia. The medical term for inflammation of the kidney is: The patient is given a medication that is designed to produce excessive urine discharge to decrease blood pressure. If the consultation leads to a diagnosis of diabetes mellitus, treatment will aim to keep high blood sugar levels under control. When the prefixes are detached from a term, it is followed by a hyphen (-). Other symptoms that may need further attention include: If other symptoms are present, or if urinary frequency is affecting quality of life, it is a good idea to see a doctor. interstitial nephritis. Urinary retention is an inability to completely empty the bladder. The patient is having difficulty voiding after surgery, and the nurse notes that the bladder is full. This may mean limiting alcohol and caffeine intake and cutting out foods that can irritate the bladder or act as a diuretic, such as chocolate, spicy foods, and artificial sweeteners. This increased awareness can help the patient improve their control of their pelvic muscles. Term. 107. It is usually temporary. When of sudden onset, symptoms include an inability to urinate and lower abdominal pain. Bladder training: This involves training the bladder to hold urine longer. Urologist is one term describing a specialist in kidney disease. This can become life-threatening, and it needs attention. Many people live with frequent urination, known medically as frequency. Inflammation of a kidney is known as nephralgia. This section contains prefixes that are used for the medical terminology of most systems. Lifestyle-based causes include drinking a lot of fluids, especially if they contain caffeine or alcohol. Training usually lasts 2 to 3 months. Eating a balanced diet and maintaining an active lifestyle can help moderate the output of urine. Most people urinate 6 or 7 times in 24 hours. medical terms urinary test - pta. Kegel exercises: Regular daily exercises, often done around pregnancy, can strengthen the muscles of the pelvis and urethra and support the bladder. It can occur alongside urinary incontinence, but it is not the same. nephr/o: kidney-ectomy: removal, excision excision of a kidney: The cause isn't completely understood, but certain activities, such as unprotected sex or frequent douching, increase your risk. Urine contains water, uric acid, urea, and toxins and waste filtered from within the body. Pregnancy. The other term is a _______________. A man or woman may be referred to a urologist, or a woman may be referred to a gynecologist. The abbreviation UTI stands for ___________ . If the cause is an overactive bladder, a medication known as an anticholinergic may be used. What are the differences between COVID-19, the common cold, and influenza? Excessive urination volume (or polyuria) occurs when you urinate more than normal. [ pol″e-u´re-ah] excessive excretion of urine, such as with diabetes mellitus. ... medication administered to increase urine secretion to rid the body of excess salt and water . (do not forget to include the combining vowel). Biofeedback: Used alongside Kegel exercises, biofeedback therapy enables the patient to become more aware of how their body functions. polyuria. Inflammation of the prostate gland. Early identification of the problem can lead to a timely and effective treatment and prevent complications. Although most children between the ages of three and five begin to stay dry at night, the age at which children are physically and emotionally ready to maintain complete bladder control varies. When of gradual onset, symptoms may include loss of bladder control, mild lower abdominal pain, and a weak urine stream. Nocturia, for example, is the need to urinate at night, during the sleep cycle. Polyuria is the medical term for producing a lot of urine. The medical term for excess urea and other nitrogenous wastes in the bloodstream is ________ or azotemia. Frequency is not the same as urinary incontinence, where there is leakage of urine. These include infections, … This condition of excessive urine discharge is known as, The abbreviation IVP stands for _______________. This problem is different from needing to urinate often. Condition associated with pathological changes in the renal interstitial tissue that may be primary or due to a toxic agent, such as a drug or chemical, which results in destruction of nephrons and severe impairment in renal function. ABBRIEVATION FOR UTI MEANS. C) oliguria. For a bacterial kidney infection, the typical course of treatment is antibiotic and painkiller therapy. Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a healthcare professional, Personalized brain stimulation lifts a patient's depression, Breast cancer: Androgen therapy shows promise in preliminary study. Most people urinate between 6 and 7 times over a 24-hour period. (2 words). The word root azot means urea or ________. diabetes (n.) medical name of two different affections, both characterized by abnormal discharge of urine, 1560s, from medical Latin diabetes, from late Greek diabetes "excessive discharge of urine" (so named by Aretaeus the Cappadocian, physician of Alexandria, 2c. Many psychiatry patients prefer online therapy, Paralyzed mice walk again after cytokine treatment. Bacteria sometimes cause prostatitis (inflammation of the prostate). ", The combining form for bladder is ______. It's the amount and concentration of various waste products excreted by the kidneys that causes urine odor. Frequent urination with an abnormally large amount of urine is often an early symptom of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes as the body tries to rid itself of unused glucose through the urine. Urinary frequency can be defined as needing to urinate more than 7 times in a period of 24 hours while drinking about 2 liters of fluid. BUN is the abbreviation for ________. Frequent urination can indicate a kidney infection, for example. Urology is one medical term which describes the science and treatment of the urinary system, the other term is __________. These prevent abnormal involuntary detrusor muscle contractions from occurring in the wall of the bladder. Specimens can be obtained by normal emptying of the bladder (voiding) or by a hospital procedure called catheterization. HEMODIALYSIS. Conditions affected by hormones range from thyroid problems to diabetes and…, Managing diabetes can be difficult and complicated. Leukorrhea is a medical term that describes a thick white discharge, sometimes whitish-yellowish. Urinalysis Definition Urinalysis is a diagnostic physical, chemical, and microscopic examination of a urine sample (specimen). It can disrupt one’s normal routine, interrupt the sleep cycle, and it can be a sign of an underlying medical condition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved. Urine that contains a lot of water and few waste products has little to no odor. The common causes of cloudy urine are mucous discharge from the prostrate and semen in males, vaginal discharge in females, stress, some types of drugs, foods and health supplements Cloudy urine is not caused by … One of the main symptoms of polyuria is urinating frequently. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) IBS is a digestive disorder that affects the colon. For best results, perform Kegel exercises 10 to 20 times per set, three times a day, for at least 4 to 8 weeks. Created. 6) The medical term for excessive discharge of urine is: 6) 7) The patient reports that he has to get up twice a night to urinate. Term. More commonly, the underlying cause is uncertain. Male discharge is any fluid that comes from the urethra other than urine. pyelocystitis. If needed, medication therapy will be prescribed and monitored by a physician. It can lead to thick … Training in behavioral techniques may also help. Urine consists mainly of water. What do we really know about antioxidants? An ultrasound procedure in which a kidney is imaged with the use of sound waves is: Inflammation of the renal pelvis and nephrons is known as ________. any blood in the urine at all; any unusual discharge from the penis; continuous or severe urinary incontinence (you can't hold your urine). pyonephrosis. The urine tends to become cloudy when the mineral concentration, amount of white blood cells (leukocytes) and fat increase in the urine. Often, there is often a simple cause that can be put right through treatment. Unlock … urination [u″rĭ-na´shun] the discharge of urine from the bladder; urine from the kidneys is passed in spurts every few seconds along the ureters to the bladder, where it collects and later is passed to the outside via the urethra. The medical name for this condition is: The medical term for pus in the urine is: The medical term for an X-ray image of the renal pelvis after contrast dye is injected into the ureter is: The medical term for the involuntary discharge of urine during coughing, sneezing, or straining is: The medical term for the instrument utilized to view the interior of the bladder is: one of the capillary networks that are part of the renal corpuscles in the nephrons of the kidney, the wall of the renal corpuscles in the nephrons of the kidney, inflammation of the renal corpuscles in the nephrons of the kidney. Urodynamic tests assess the effectiveness of the urinary bladder in storing and releasing urine, and they examine the function of the urethra. The medical term for excess urea and other nitrogenous wastes in the bloodstream is _____ or azotemia. Wilms tumor. The patient is given a medication that is designed to produce excessive urine discharge to decrease blood pressure. Presence of one or more stones in the kidney is: The medical term for surgical fixation of the kidney is: A series of clinical lab tests performed on a urine specimen is termed a(n) ________. The medical name for this condition is: hydronephrosis. Frequency can often be treated with exercises, but if there is an underlying condition, such as, overactive bladder (OAB) syndrome, which causes involuntary bladder contractions that lead one to feel a sudden urge to have to urinate, radiation of the pelvis, such as during cancer treatment, urine that is bloody, cloudy, or of an unusual color, gradual loss of bladder control, or urinary incontinence, the pattern of frequent urination, for example when it started, how things have changed, and what time of day it occurs, any changes in the color, smell, or consistency of the urine, how much caffeine and alcohol the person consumes, and whether this has recently changed, urine analysis to identify any abnormality in the urine, neurological tests to detect any nerve disorder, recording the time it takes to produce a urinary stream, gauging the ability to stop urinating mid-stream, imaging equipment to observe the bladder filling and emptying, monitors to measure pressure inside the bladder, sensors to record muscle and nerve activity. The urethra is a narrow tube that carries urine from the bladder and semen from the ejaculatory ducts. The combining form lith/o means a ________. elevated level of urea and other nitrogenous waste products in the blood, as occurs in renal failure; also called azotemia. In addition to incontinence, another correct medical term for this condition is ________. MNT is the registered trade mark of Healthline Media. Urination is the way the body gets rid of waste fluids. The medical term for excessive urination is: The correct abbreviation for urinalysis is ________. Polyuria is a fairly common symptom. Urinating more often than this may be referred to as frequency, but everyone is different. The vagina is like a passageway between the body`s exterior and the internal reproductive organs of the woman. Last medically reviewed on November 16, 2018, COVID-19 shares some similarities with other respiratory conditions, such as the common cold and influenza, although there are also crucial…, Loss of appetite can have many causes, including short-term infections, psychological or mental health conditions, cancers, and certain medications…, An endocrinologist specializes in all things relating to our hormones. (3 words). Causes of Cloudy Urine. Bacterial vaginosis is a type of vaginal inflammation caused by the overgrowth of bacteria naturally found in the vagina, which upsets the natural balance.Women in their reproductive years are most likely to get bacterial vaginosis, but it can affect women of any age. diuretics . Untreated, this can permanently damage the kidneys. a kidney condition characterized by many fluid-filled sacs. The health care worker should chart that the patient has: The definition of the medical term lithotripsy is: a noninvasive surgical technique that crushes stones. To obtain precise measurements, the health professional may use: The patient may have to change their fluid intake or stop taking certain medications before the test. nephrectomy: Definition. The medical term for sugar in the urine is: The patient reports that he has to get up twice a night to urinate. The medical term ureterostenosis means: Definition. Hematuria is the medical term for blood in your urine. Medical. Brachytherapy: A type of radiation therapy in which radioactive materials are placed in direct contact with the tissue being treated. Frequent urination means having an urge to pass urine more often than usual. The medical term for surgical repair of the bladder is. American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. The patient is having difficulty voiding after surgery, and the nurse notes that the bladder is full. https://quizlet.com/30451781/chapter-11-urinary-system-flash-cards However, this can vary depending on how much water you drink and what your total body water is. This condition of excessive urine discharge is known as ________. In addition, the bacteria that cause the infection can potentially enter the bloodstream, infecting other areas of the body. A patient suffers from an involuntary release of urine. At night, this can interrupt the sleep cycle with urges to urinate. Inflammation of the kidney pelvis and the urinary bladder. Glossary of Common Urologic Terms Azoospermia: The absence of sperm in the semen. Onset can be sudden or gradual. uremia. pyelonephritis. Urinary frequency describes feeling that you have to pee very often but not passing much urine (this happens in urinary tract infections). When one urinates more than 3 liters a day of urine, this is known as polyuria. Undergraduate 4. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (144) A patient has a condition where the exit of urine from the kidney is blocked, resulting in backup of urine and distension of the renal pelvis. The medical term for a congenital defect where the urethral opening is abnormally positioned on the dorsal surface of the penis is: In the medical term azot, the prefix a- means. Nocturia, or nocturnal polyuria, is the medical term for excessive urination at night. Children, too, have smaller urinary bladders, so it is normal for them to urinate more frequently. Prefixes are used at the beginning of a word to modify or vary the meaning of the word. Chronic Prostatitis: Inflammation of the prostate gland, developing slowly and lasting […] Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. A patient has a condition where the exit of urine from the kidney is blocked, resulting in backup of urine and distension of the renal pelvis. This may indirectly improve urine flow through the urethra, as a constipated rectum can put pressure on the urinary bladder, the urethra, or both. D) hematuria. Level. Total Cards. The combining form olig/o means ________ in number. Excessive discharge of urine. Consult your doctor promptly if you experience: fever However, a 7-day meal plan can help a person manage diabetes with a healthful diet, and it can be…. Urinary frequency is when a person needs to use the bathroom more often than usual. Urine volume is considered excessive if it equals more than 2.5 liters per day. All rights reserved. Urine stays in the urinary bladder until it reaches a point of fullness and an urge to urinate. They may need to arrive at the clinic with a full bladder. Sometimes, frequent urination can indicate a more serious condition. Treatment will depend on the underlying cause. Urinary frequency is not the same as urinary incontinence, which refers to having little control over the bladder. The health care worker should chart that the patient has: 7) 8) The medical term for excessive urination is: 8) 9) The medical term for reduced urination is: 9) A) polyuria. Define Diurese. Monitoring fluid intake: This may show that drinking a lot at certain times is the main cause of frequent urination. However, it can be a sign of kidney or ureter problems, urinary bladder problems, or another medical condition, such as diabetes mellitus, diabetes insipidus, pregnancy, or prostate gland problems. Many people live with frequent urination, known medically as frequency. urinary: ... urine excessive urination: Term. Definition. Discharge increases in the middle of your menstrual cycle — around day 14 — as your body prepares to release an egg from the ovary. The combining form hydr/o means ________. © 2004-2021 Healthline Media UK Ltd, Brighton, UK, a Red Ventures Company. Often, there is … The term alkaline derives from the name of the plant containing sodium carbonate.
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